This year, in an attempt to keep abreast of educational thinking and to keep our minds sharp, we are running an SLT book club. Each member of the senior team has chosen an educational book to take away and read. When they’ve read it, they present the key ideas and points we can learn from at Churchill Academy & Sixth Form back to the rest of the team. I went first last week, when I attempted to summarise the key points from Lucy Crehan’s excellent educational odyssey “Clever Lands.”
Lucy Crehan set off to visit top-performing PISA educational systems around the world. She visited Finland, Singapore, Shanghai, Japan and Canada, staying with teachers and volunteering in schools whilst there to get in amongst the system and try to really understand it from the inside. By taking this very personal perspective, as a trained Science teacher from England, Crehan offers a window into these very different systems from a perspective which is easy for us to relate to, whilst summarising big policy and system ideas clearly and coherently.
There are so many nuggets in this book it’s hard to summarise them or select just a few! But one or two that caused me to turn down page corners are:
- Finnish Child Welfare Teams: each Finnish secondary school has to have a child welfare team, consisting of specialist pastoral workers with the aim “to create a healthy and safe environment for learning and growing, to protect mental health, prevent social exclusion, and promote the wellbeing of the school community.” They meet weekly to discuss a particular class in detail with the class tutor, then a drop-in session for any teacher to discuss concerns about any child in the school.
- Finnish trust in teachers: the Finnish education system is set up around the pillars of intrinsic motivation for its teachers. They are trained well and then trusted as professionals, achieving purpose, mastery and autonomy.
- Japanese emphasis on resilience: Japan has an ingrained cultural emphasis on resilience, and on collective conformity which enables academic success.
- The impact of selection in Singapore: Crehan’s portrait of Singapore’s highly selective system was nightmarish. With entire futures hinging on the outcome of Primary School Leaving Exam (PSLE – the Singaporean 11+), eleven-year-olds are tutored, crammed and pressurised to within an inch of their lives. The highlight of the entire book for me was Crehan’s expose of the flawed interpretation of research upon which ability selection at 11 is based. I wish Theresa May would read just this chapter.
The five principles of successful education systems
Crehan concludes by drawing together her conclusions from her experiences in these different systems into five governing principles:
- Get children ready for learning
- Design curriculum for mastery (and context for motivation)
- Support children to take on challenges, rather than making concessions
- Trust teachers as professionals
- Combine school accountability with school support (rather than sanctions)
Of particular interest to me was principle 3, linking to my drive to develop a growth mindset ethos in schools. Within this principle, Crehan observes that the successful systems she observed:
- Delay selection by ability until age 15 or 16
- Teach children in mixed-ability classes until 15 or 16
- Provide small, flexible group support from qualified professionals before/during/after lessons
I feel we have a lot to learn from this.
I drew three take-away conclusions from the book that we could implement at Churchill Academy & Sixth Form:
- Combined Child Welfare Team – we are implementing a unified student services team which combined academic, pastoral, social, behavioural and mental health support
- Support all children to reach high expectations, not concede lower expectations for lower ability
- Equip teachers with knowledge and then trust them – give them purpose, mastery, and autonomy
Coming soon on SLT Book Club:
- HeadStrong by Dame Sally Coates
- Making the leap by Dr Jill Berry
- Making Good Progress by Daisy Christodoulou
- Mind over Matter: Improving Mental Health in our Schools by John Tomsett
- Grit by Angela Duckworth
As an avowed #HeForShe advocate, I note with some pride that five of our first seven influential books are written by women.
We’re also thinking of extending the book club to our Middle Leadership Team!